Nations' Cup Hungary

Road Cycling Junior World Cup - August 20-21-22, 2021

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Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County

Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg is the Easternmost county of Hungary. From North-East it borders with Ukraine, from South-East with Romania, from South-West with Hajdú-Bihar County, from North with Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County and Slovakia. Its history summarizes the past of the Hungarian region covering the area of the three old counties that appear in its name, including that of the counties Ung and Ugocsa. Geographically the region is connected to today’s Subcarpathia in the North-Eastern part of the Great Plain.

The rich natural resources of the region were already used by the people of the New Stone Age. The Settlement of the Magyars in Hungary began here, the majority of the finds was discovered here. After the foundation of the Hungarian state, Saint Stephen I created three counties in the area with the names Szabolcs, Borsova and Szatmár. The Turks did not conquer the place, but its financial life was upset due to their frequent plundering. A similar effect was caused by the fact that the region was located in the buffer zone between the Habsburg-controlled Hungarian Kingdom and Transylvania, and the crossing armies regularly charged the area for money.

In the 16th century these counties served as the centre of Hungarian Reformation, later on, separately from this initiative, it became the base for the anti-Habsburg freedom fights. After the fall of the struggles for independence, a modest financial development started in the 18th century.

In mid-19th century, the society of the area changed considerably due to the emancipation of the villeins and as a result of the great nature-transforming works carried out during the regulation of the Tisza river. The structure of the properties changed, the great stations doing extensive farming were not able to employ the extra workforce. The discontent often resulted in violence.

The standard of living did not improve between the two world wars. Due to the Vienna Arbitration before World War II and in its first part, the country’s and consequently the county’s area changed significantly, but it was not permanent.

The forced formation of co-operative structure of agriculture happened here, too. Industrial development started only in the 1960s, until that time the extra workforce of the county took part in the great constructions in other parts of Hungary, which resulted in migration or commuting. By the late 1980s, significant labour and 1st generation intellectual class came into being.

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Medals

Visegrad 4 Juniors Stage 1
Visegrad 4 Juniors Stage 2A
Visegrad 4 Juniors Stage 2B
Visegrad 4 Juniors Stage 3

Cities

Nyíregyháza Ibrány
Vásárosnamény

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